Monday, December 28, 2015

Pankaj Mullick

Pankaj Mullick was a great musician and a pioneer of Indian film music.He was one among the path maker of Indian film music who also was responsible to shape Indian film music as it is today.He was a well renowned music composer,actor and singer.He was an exponent of Rabindra Sangeet.
He was born on May 10, 1905 in Calcutta as 'Pankaj Kumar Mullick'.He learned classical music from 'Guru' Durgadas Bandopadhyaya.He started his career in 1927  with Indian Broadcasting Corporation along with composer R.C.Boral and contributed as a music director for fifty years.He contributed to Bengali,Hindi,Urdu and Tamil language films for 38 years in various capacities like actor,singer and music composer.Artists like K.L.Saigal,K.C.Dey,S.D.Burman,Hemanta Mukherjee,Geeta Dutt,,Kanan Devi,Asha Bhonsle etc sang many songs composed by him.He acted in several films along with actors like K.L.Saigal,P.C.Barua,Pahari Sanyal,Jamuna,Kanan Devi,Rattan Bai etc.
Along with R.C.Boral, film director Nitin Bose and his renowned sound engineer brother Mukul Bose, he introduced playback singing to Indian Cinema.
Pankaj Mullick is also credited as an early exponent of Rabindra Sangeet.After his college studies he came into contact with Dinendranath Tagore, who was great nephew of Rabindranath Tagore.This led to his lasting interest in Rabindra Sangeet.Other than Rabindra Sangeet he also tuned and  sang large number of non filmy songs out of which many of them became huge hits.
He immortalized many Hindi songs which are enjoyed throughout India even today.
His debut as a film music composer was in 1933 for the film 'Yahudi Ki Ladki' which was produced by New Theatres and was directed by Premankur Atorthy.
He tuned the first hit Ghalib ghazal 'Nuktachi hai gham-e-dil' in that film which became instant hit.
He was also an actor of outstanding calibre who handled important roles or hero's role in films such as 'Dhartimata,Kapal Kundala,Nartaki,Andhi,Mukti,Adhikar,Abhigyan and Doctor'.
He sang songs in films such as 'Nartaki,Doctor,Kapal Kundala,Abigyan,Adhikar,Meri Bahen,Mahaprasthaner Pathey,Onkarer Joy Jatra,Mukti,Dhartimata and Desher Mati'.
Even though  he was a good singer he gave many best songs which he composed to K.L.Saigal."Soja Rajkumari Soja' 
"Main man ki Baat Bataaoon'
'Man kya jaanu kya jaadu hai'
Karun kya aas niras bhai'
'Ab main Kya karoon kit janoon' etc are examples.
Pankaj Mullick composed music for the hit film 'Dhartimata' in which K.L.Saigal was the hero and was  directed by Nitin Bose in 1938.It was made in Bengali as 'Dasher Mati' in the same year.
K.L.Saigal and Leela Desai were the lead pair of 'Dushman' which was directed by Nitin Bose in 1939 and music was composed by Pankaj Mullick.
'Zindagi' was a film in which K.L.Saigal,Jamuna,Pahari Sanyal etc acted which was directed by P.C.Barua.Music was by Pankaj Maullick.It was released in 1940.
Nartaki was made in Bengali and remade in Hindi in the year  1940.Pankaj Mullick was the music composer and acted in it along with Jagdish Sethi,Leela Desai etc as the important character 'Kavi'(poet).In Nartaki he sang a melody song 'Madhu bhari rut jawani hai' and another song which entertains and inspires even today is 'Yeh kaun aaj aya savere savere yeh dil chauk uttha savere savere'.
In the year 1940 Pankaj Mullick acted as the hero of the film 'Doctor'.Ahindra Choudhary,Jyothi Prakash etc acted along with him.Phani Majumdar and Subodh Mitra were the directors and the film was made in Hindi and Bengali.
In this film he sang five songs which were brimming with youthful energy and holds romantic hues like 'Chale pavan kiChaal jag main chale pawan ki chaal' and 'Ai baahar  aaj ayi bahaar'.
In 'Kapal Kundala' he sang an evergreen song 'Piya milan ko jaana' which is a charming melodious song.
In some films like 'Manzil' he worked along with R.C.Boral.
He composed music for the hit film 'Zalzala' in 1952 in which Kishore Sahu,Dev Anand,Geeta Bali etc acted.
In 1954 he composed music for 'Chitrangada' in which Utpal Dutt,Mala Sinha,Jiban Ganguly etc acted.
Pankaj Mullick was awarded 'Padma Shri' from government of India in 1970 followed by 'Dada Saheb Phalke Award' the highest cinema award by government of India in 1972 for his lifetime contributions to Indian Cinema.
Pankaj Mullick passed away on February 19, 1978 at the age of 72.
Filmography
Yahudi Ki Ladki
Devdas
Maya








Grihadah
Mukti
Didi
Badi Bahen
Dushman
Dartimata
Abhigyan
Kapal Kundala
Badi Didi
Doctor
Zindagi
Nartaki
Meenakshi
Kashinath
Meri Bahen
Pratibad
Manzoor
Rupkatha
Zalzala
Chitrangada

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