Tuesday, March 3, 2015

K.BALACHANDER

K.Balachander was a film director who wrote and directed large number of Tamil,Telugu,Kannada  and also a few Hindi films.He was an exponent in diversified fields and earned accolades as a Producer,director,playwright,writer and actor.His unique way of successfully  presenting unusual themes  received much appreciation.He was brilliant in portraying films in a fantastic reliable manner,  yet he   included entertainment components also.His unique way of film making and making use of unconventional themes was always liked by the masses.He was well known as 'Iyakkanar Sigaram' (one who conquered the peaks).
He produced films under the banner 'Kavithalaya Productions' from 1981.For most of his films which he directed, he wrote the story and screenplay also and many of his films received several National and State Awards as well as Filmfare Awards.
He was recipient of awards like 'Padma Shri,Dada Saheb Phalke Award,Kalaimamani award,ANR National Award etc'.He received 13 Filmfare awards also.
He brought several new faces into cinema and he was mentor to so many film celebrities like 'Kamal Hassan,Rajanikanth,Jayasudha,Jayapradha,Prakash Raj,Ramesh Aravind,Nagesh,Gemini Ganesan,Sowkar Janaki,Major Sundararajan,Sivakumar,Jai Ganesh,Vanisri,Jayanthi,Sujatha,Kanjana,Saritha' etc etc.
He was born on 9th July 1930 in 'Mannilam' of  Tamil Nadu state as 'Kailasam Balachander'.He studied at Annamalai University and graduated in Zoology.He was interested in films and dramas from childhood.While as a student at college he used to write and act in plays.When  he was working at AG's Office at Chennai, he joined 'United Amateur Artistes' which was an amateur drama company.He later formed his own drama troupe and staged many plays written by him which were well received by the audience.'Major Chandrakanth' which he filmed later was one such successful plays.
He wrote screenplays and dialogues for some films before becoming a director.

'Server Sundaram' was a film directed by Krishnan Panju which adapted one of his plays.It received certificate of merit as the 3rd Best Tamil film and also Filmfare award.
His debut as a director was in 1965 by directing 'Neerkumizhi' which was adapted from  a play written by him.His play 'Major Chandrakanth' was made into a successful Hindi film as 'Oonche Log' which won National film award.He directed Major Chandrakanth and 'Ethir Neechal' in Tamil later on.His successful film 'Bama Vijayam' in Tamil was remade in Telugu which was also directed by him.
Ethir Neechal received Tamil Nadu State sward for Best Dialogue writer.
He directed noted films 'Poova Thalaiya' and 'Iru Kodugal' in 1969.Iru Kodugal received National film award for Best feature film in Tamil.
'Arangetram' which he directed in 1973 received much appreciation and Kamal Hassan acted in an adult role for the first time in this film.
'Aval Oru Thodar Kathai' was a super hit film of 1974 in which 'Sujatha,Vijaya Kumar,Kamal Hassan,Sripriya' etc acted.
In 1975 'Apoorva Ragangal' received National award as Best feature film in Tamil.
'Maro Charitra' was a Telugu film which received Filmfare award for him as Best Telugu director.
In 1980 he received Tamil Nadu state film award for Best film Director for the film 'Varumayin Niram Sivappu' in which Kamal Hassan and Sridevi acted as the lead pair.
This film was remade in Hindi as 'Zara si Zindagi' and directed by K.Balachander himself in which Kamal Hassan and Anita Raj were the leads.
'Thanneer Thanneer' received National film award as Best feature film in Tamil and National film award for Best screenplay.It received Filmfare award for Best Tamil Director.Saritha,Shanmugham,Radha Ravi,Charlie etc acted in this film.
'Ek Duje Ke Liye' was a blockbuster  successful  film written and directed by K.Balachander in 1981 which received Filmfare award for Best screenplay.It was the remake of Telugu film 'Maro Charitra' directed by him earlier.Kamal Hassan and Rati Agnihotri were the leading pair of this film.
'Sindhu Bhairavi' was another super hit film which he directed in 1985.Sivakumar,Suhasini,Sulakshana,Delhi Ganesh etc acted in this film which received National award for Best actress,Best music direction,and Best female playback singer.
'Rudraveena' a Telugu film of 1988 received Nargis Dutt award for Best feature film on National integration.Chiranjeevi,Shobhana,Gemini Ganesan,Ramesh Aravind etc acted in it.
His  film 'Pudhu Pudhu Arthangal' received Filmfare award for Best Tamil director.
In 1990 'Oru Veedu Iru Vasal' received National film award for Best film on other social issues.
'Parthale Paravasam' was his 100th film and was released  in 2001.It was produced,written and directed by K.Balachander in which Madhavan and Simran were the lead pair.
K.Balachander acted in cameo roles of films  like 'Kalki,Poi,Ninaithathu Yaaro,
Uthama Villan, and acted in lead role of  'Rattaisuzhi' a Tamil film in which he acted along with another great director Bharati Raja.
K.Balachander died on 23 December 2014 in Chennai.






















 



Selected Filmography
As writer and director
Neerkumizhi
Major Chandrakanth
Bama Vijayam
Ethir Neechal
Poova Thalaiva
Iru Kodugal
Ethiroli
Navagraham
Kaviya Thalaivi
Nootrukku Nooru
Bomma Borusa
Punnagai
Lanna Nalama
Velli Vizha
Arangetram
Sollathan Ninakkiren
Aval Oru Thodarkathai
Nan Avanillai
Apoorva Ragangal
Manmadha Leelai
Avargal
Aaina
Nozhal Nijamagiradhu
Maro Charitra
Thappu Thalangal
Ninaithale Inikkum
Nool Veli
Idi Katha Kadu
Varumayin Miram Sivappu
Enga Ooru Kannagi
Thillu Mullu
Thanneer Thanneer
Ek Duje keliye
Agni Sakshi
Ek Nai Paheli
Achamillai Achamillai
Kalyana Agathikal
Punnagai Mannan
Rudraveena
Pudhu Pudhu Arthangal
Oru Veedu Iru Vasal
Azhagan
Jathi Malli
Kalki
Parthale Paravasam





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