Friday, December 19, 2014


Sundaram Balachander was an exponent in diversified fields and proved his abilities  as a Film director,Film actor,Music Composer,script writer,singer,musical instruments player,dancer etc.He was popularly known as 'Veenai S.Balachander' since he was an expert Veena(Sitar) player.He was younger brother of famous vocalist and actor S.Rajam and accompanied in several music concerts of him  playing Veena and the brothers were lovingly called as 'Lava Kusha'.
He was born on 18th January 1927 in Chennai as the son of Sundaram.  
On Sitar(Veena),  Balachander was fully fledged solo concert artist by the age of  twelve.He also learnt to play Tabla,Mridangam,Harmonium,Bulbul tarang,Dilruba and Shehnai.
He served as an artist at All India Radio,Chennai from the age of 15 for three years.
He along with his family members acted in the Tamil  film 'Seetha Kalyanam' in the year 1934 in which his elder brother S.Rajam acted as Shri Ram and elder sister S.Jayalakshmi acted as Sita.In that film he acted as a musician in Ravana's court.
He acted in films and composed music from late 1940's  to mid 1960's.
Balachander directed a number of Tamil films.
He acted in movies like Devaki(51),Rajambal(51),Rani(52),Inspector(53),Penn(54)Kodeeswaran (55)Doctor Savitri(55)Maragadham(59) etc.
He had acted, directed,composed music and sang in 'Idhu Nijama'(48),En Kanavan(48),Kaidhi(51) etc.
He directed a film 'Andha Naal' which was a classic film with no songs.
Other films directed includes 'Bhooloka Rambai(58) Avan Amaran (58) Edi Nijam' (56) etc.
In the film 'Penn' Gemini Ganesan,S.Balachander,Vyjayanthimala and Anjali Devi were the main actors.
In the Telugu remake of Tamil film 'Penn' as 'Sangham' he acted along with N.T.Rama Rao and Vyjayanthimala.
In the 1960's he formed his own production company in the name S.B.creations and made three movies 'Avana Ivan'(62), Bommai(64) and Nadu Iravil(65).He directed these films, composed music and sang songs also.
Bommai was a super hit film.
Many of his films were hits and super hits in those period.
He received certificate of Merit as Best feature film in Telugu for the film "Edi Nijam' in 1956.
He received 'Sangeetha Kalaskhamani' Award  from the Indian Fine Arts Society Chennai in the year 1982.
He was a recipient of 'Padma Bhushan' Award from Government of India.

He died on 15th April 1990.
Selected Filmography
Seetha Kalyanam
Rishya Sringar
Aaraichi Mani
Idhu Nijama
En Kanavar
Andha Naal
Doctor Savitri
Edi Nijam
Bhooloka Rambai
Avan Amaran
Avana Ivan
Nadu Iravil

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