Thursday, February 24, 2011

GURU DUTT


Guru Dutt is a lucent  star in the lucid sky of Indian cinema.During the 50's he was engaged in diversified fields of film making as Writer,Producer,Choreographer,Actor and Director.He was an intelligent and very talented personality whose works were artistically superb.As a technician he utilized the sophisticated technologies available at that time effectively for perfection.Some lenses and filters which were used in Holly wood was introduced in his films  for the first time in India.Closeup shots and long shots were determined precisely well to convey the mood of the characters and particular scene to the audience.Light and shades were controlled accurately to visualize frames in a wonderful manner.
Even though black and white films were made during those days Guru Dutt films had significant characteristic quality of its own.His selection of stories was perfect and well suited for those time,the screenplay were excellent, technical quality the best, arrangement of the objects in scenes were beautiful,utilization of characters he did with artistic perfection so that the ultimate results were fantastic movies.His films are used as references today also by students of film Institutes and by new directors.During his time the Critics and spectators could not differentiate the technical qualities exhibited by him but in 70's and 80's when those films were re-released appreciation from the masses were visible in fully packed cinema houses.
Guru Dutt was born at  Mangalore of  Karnataka State in a Brahmin family.He had his school education at Calcutta since his parents were living there.After school studies he joined for a five year course at Indian Culture Center at Almora.Since he was well trained in all dance forms he started his film career as Choreographer.Afterwards he started acting in films.The metamorphosis from Choreographer to actor, Assistant Director and Director was rapid.
Guru Dutt was a genius and thinker who wrote short stories in English and other languages which was published in magazines.The story of the film 'Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam' was originally written in English and published in 'The Illustrated weekly of India'.He handled the lead role in some films  produced and directed by him self also.After the film Kagaz ke Phool which was a flop at Box Office he did not direct any more films.Pyasa and Kagaz ke phool are excellent films which gets admiration always..
He wore the coat of a Director for Dev Anand's  'Baazi in 1951.Some of his films are Jaal(52),Baaz(55) Pyaasa(57) Kagaz ke Phool(59).
His wife was Geeta Dutt who was a leading play back singer of Hindi Cinema.It was a love marriage. Guru Dutt and Geeta Dutt  had some conflicts later on  which resulted in their divorce.The segregated condition from family and children was  unbearable for him and in his sorrows  alcohol was his aid and relief.By the high rate consumption of liquor he was found dead on his bed in the apartment where he lived.   That very talented genius person departed us in October 1964 when he was only  39 years old..
If Guru Dutt lived for long we could have expected many more superb films from that sagacious personality.
Some of the Artists who handled opposite roles in his films
Mr.&Mrs                 (Madhubala)
Aar Paar                  (Shyama)
Suhagon                   (Mala Sinha)
Bharosa                   ( Asha Parekh)
Baaz                        ( Geeta Bali)
Bahurani                  ( Mala Sinha)
Sanj Aur Savera       ( Meena Kumari)
Kaagaz ke Phool      ( Waheda
                                          Rehman)
Pyaasa                     (Waheda
Chadhvin ka                     Rehman)
            Chand          (Waheda
                                       Rehman)
Sahib Bibi Aur
Ghulam                     (Meena Kumari)
  



Monday, February 14, 2011

MEENA KUMARI


Meena Kumari was born on 1st August 1932 in Mumbai and her original name was Mahzabeen Bano.Her father was a musician and poet while her mother was a stage actress and dancer.So her talent was inherited by birth and she entered in to Hindi cinema as a child artist at the age of 7.But Meena Kumari's inner soul was not happy with that style of life but was longing to mingle and play with children of her age and to study at school.She had two elders also and the family was poor.As an earning member of the family soon to find the bread for the family turned out to be her burden.She handled mature roles from 1949 with the film 'Veer Ghatotkach'.From 1952 onwards she became heroine and  her acting skills was revealed which earned much fame and reputation.
She could handle all kind of roles alike and at ease, but earned the title 'Tragedy Queen' since she excelled very well  by performing the sorrowful women and expressing the grievances prevailing in the society.Almost all films except a few were in this category.Tears rolled down the cheeks of that beautiful lady in front of the movie camera in all studio sets.Story writers and screen play writers deliberately made characters which explored  and utilized her acting skills to the maximum.She was able to transform the pain and grief of her characters to her audience so that they also wept with her in cinema halls.She got 'Film Fare Best Actress Awards for 'Baiju Bawra'(1954) Parineeta(55) Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam(63) and Kaajal(1966).
Her personal life was but a failure.She married a film director who was an already married man by name "Kamal Amrohi' who was much elder to her.They had no children and it is said that Kamal Amrohi did not want her to deliver a child because of his own reasons which made her quite unhappy.She started consuming liquor after a film " Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam' which was produced by Guru Dutt in which her character proved to had astounding similarities to her own true life later on.That character had extra marital relationship with younger men which also turned to be a reality for her in true life.Meena Kumari got divorced in 1964 and consumption of liquor increased rapidly so that she became a liver patient soon.In 1968 she was taken to London and to Switzerland for treatment.The Doctors warned her not to touch alcohol afterwards when she got cured but after some months gap she started drinking again.In 1972 the inevitable tragedy happened at Bombay when she was only 39 years old.
Actor Dharmendra and Actor Director and Lyricist Gulzar were her close friends.Gulzar and Vinod Mehta wrote biography of Meena kumari and in the biography 'Meena Kumari' Gulzar  described the habit of that talented actress in those last years.After consuming excessive amount of liquor she would be sitting or lying on a sofa on the sets of the studio in an inert condition but when called upon for taking the scene, the transformation to that character happened within seconds and she acted fantastically well with normal movements and remembering all the dialogues also.
'Daera' was a film produced by Meena Kumari and her husband together in 1953 and they planned to produce another film  by name 'Pakeezah' later on.At the time of their divorce the film was only half finished..After 14 years only  the other half was taken and released  in 1972.After two months of its release Meena Kumari became seriously ill and she died.The film was a grand success at box office since there was an influx of audience to the cinema halls.
Meena kumari was a highly talented, beautiful and intellectual woman who craved for warm unconditional and affectionate love but she felt nobody loved her as she wished.In her loneliness which paved way to agony that filled as a dark cloud in her mind,  she found relief by writing down her feelings which drizzled from her inner soul and took the shape of poetry.She  was able to release the audio record of some of her poems sung by herself which the music was composed by 'Khayam'.After her death some other poems were published by Gulzar.
When the film critics appreciated very much for her role in 'Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam'  and  special congratulations received for the song sequence "Piya Aiso Jiya Mein" no body expected the true similarities and consequences later on.She is still remembered by her fans.
Some of her best films were Chandni Chowk(54), Bandish(55), Azaad(55), Naya Andaz(56),Farista(58), Madhu(59),Kohinoor(60),Kinare Kinare(63),Dil Ek Mandir(63), Gazal(64),Noor Jehan(65),Bahu Begum(67),Bahron Ki Manzil(68),Jawab(70)Mere Apne(71)
Some of her  Opposite Artists in Films were as follows
,Bahu Begum                  - Pradeep Kumar
Bheegee Raat                 - Pradeep Kumar
Poornima                       - Dharmendra
Gazal                             - Sunil Dutt
Miss Mary                     - Kishore Kumar
Shrimati 420                  - Om Prakash
Parineeta                        - Ashok Kumar
Sanjh aur savera             - Guru Dutt
Kaajal                            - Raj Kumar
Naya Andaz                   - Kishore Kumar
Yahudi                           - Dilip Kumar
Bahron ki Manzil            - Dharmendra
Mein chup rahoongi        - Sunil Dutt
Shardaa                         - Raj Kapoor
Azad                              - Dilip Kumar
Pyar Ka Sagar                - Rajendra Kumar
Ruksana                          - Kishore Kumar
Sanam                             - Dev Anand
Bandish                           - Ashok Kumar
Phool aur Pathar              - Dharmendra
Daera                              - Nazir Khan
Pakeezah                         - Raj Kumar
Sahib,Beebi Aur
            Ghulam                - Rahman,Guru Dutt
.


Friday, February 4, 2011

M.G.RAMACHANDRAN




Dr.M.G.Ramachandran  popularly known as MGR was Tamil actor for more than forty years and Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for Eleven Years till to his death in 1987.He was the son of Maruthur Gopala Menon and Sathyavathy.His father was hailing from Palghat,Kerala but had migrated to Sri Lanka.MGR  was born there.MGR and his elder brother had to join a drama troupe because of his father's demise to support his family.
Brilliant Leaders Together
At the age of 19 he was selected in Tamil film as an actor.His debut film was 'Sathi Leelavathi' and he had a side role.This was in 1936 and   later because of his acting skills, hard work and enthusiasm became hero.In 1947 a film titled 'Manthri Kumari' made him No.1 Hero of Tamil films...Afterwards all of his films were super hit films at box office.
                           During that period his friendship with  Sri.Karunanidhi resulted in joining DMK party of Sri.Anna Durai.When Anna Durai died Karunanidhi became leader and MGR was treasurer of that party.He became Assembly member in 1962 and again in 1967.During that Campaign he was shot on the neck by a co- star M.R.Radha.He was in a severe fatal condition for several days in Hospital.He survived but by this incident clarity of his speech was lost for ever.But he got enormous sympathy from the people and was victorious in the election.He earned more reputation, support and fame.In 1972 he started his own party AIADMK.During 1972 to 1977 he utilized his films also to boost himself as an idealistic man.Always his character in films would be  a good person fighting against evils in society, helping poor and needy,protecting women and loving parents.We have to admit that he was really a Charismatic person and a philanthropist.Very large crowd used to gather to see him and to hear his speeches.When his films were released people were rushing to the cinema halls to see their action hero in glamorous roles, and fighting scenes.His first wife died very earlier and his second wife died because of T.B. He married his heroine in films Janaki afterwards.Bhanumathi,Sarojadevi etc were his earlier heroines in films..Jayalalitha was his heroine in 28 films.Lakshmi,Manjula and Latha were his latest heroines.He acted up to 1977 till he became the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.He is the first person to become Chief Minister of a State from film Industry.
                         In 1971 he got 'Bharat' award  as the best actor of India of that year for the film 'Rikshakkaran.He was awarded the highest Civilian award ' Bharat Ratna' Posthumously.He was awarded many titles like 'Puratchi Thalaivar', 'Makkal Thilakam' etc.
MGR had the habit of using a white fur cap and black spectacles.His films Olivilakku,Raman Thediya seethai,Adimappen, Enka Veettu Pillai,Mattukkaravelan, Nalla Neram,Nava Rathinam etc etc were super hits.
In 1984  he became ill and kidney disease was detected.He had a kidney transplant operation in an American Hospital.His niece provided  one of her kidney to him.He could survive for next three years only and in 1987 MGR surrendered to death.He will live for ever in the hearts of the people.
Some of his Films and heroine actresses
AaYirathil Oruvan                        -  Jayalalitha
Anbe Vaa                                    -  Saroja Devi
Adimai Penn                                -  Jayalalitha
Urimaikkural                                -  Latha
Idayakkani                                   -  Radha Salooja
Rickshawkkaran                          -  Manjula
Engal Thangam                            -  Jayalalitha
Rahasya Police 115                     -   Jayalalitha
Vettaikkaran                                -  Savithri
En Annan                                    -   Jayalalitha
Neethikku Thalai Vanangu           -   Latha
Netru Indru Nalai                         -  Latha,Manjula,Rajasree
Paasam                                        -  Saroja Devi
Kudiyirntha Kovil                         -   Jayalalitha
Ulagam Sutrum Valiban                -   Latha,Manjula
Nalai Namathe                             -   Latha
Nadodi Mannan                           -   Sarojadevi,Banumathi
Manthirikumari                             -   Madhuridevi
Malaikkallan                                 -   Banumathi
MannathiMannan                          -  Anjali Devi
Nan Yen Piranden                         -  Jayalalitha
Nam Nadu                                   -   Jaya Lalitha
Deivathai                                      -   Sarojadevi
Aanadha Jyothi                             -   Devika
Pallandu vazhka                             -   Latha
OOrukku Uzhaippavan                 -   Vanisree
Olivilakku                                     -   Jayalalitha
Raman Tediya Seethai                  -     Jayalalitha
Nallaneram                                   -   K.R.Vijaya
Raja Rajan                                   -    Padmini
Idhaya Veenai                              -    Lakshmi
Nan Aanayittan                            -    Sarojadevi
Mdhura Meetta Sundara
                       Pandiyan               -    Latha
Sabhash Mappilai                         -   Padmini
Thozhilali                                      -   K.R.Vijaya

Maattukkara Velan                        -  Jayalaitha,Lakshmi
Kannan En Kathalan                     -   Vanisree, Latha
Puthiya Bhoomi                             -   Jaya Lalitha
Sirithu Vazha Vendum                   -   Latha
Sange Muzhangu                           -   Lakshmi
Marma Yogi                                  -  Anjali Devi