Tuesday, July 26, 2011

THIKKURISSI SUKUMARAN NAIR


Thikkurissi Sukumaran Nair entered in to Malayalam film Screen in the year 1950 during which only around ten films were produced in an year.He was hero for many years and later confined to elderly roles.He earned fame as Thikkurissi.
He was born in 1916 at Thikkurissi which is a serene beautiful village of Kanyakumari district(At that time Kanyakumari district  was part of Travancore state).His parents were Mangattu Govinda Pillai and Lekshmi Amma.At the age of 8 he wrote a poetry requesting his father to buy him a ball and put it in his father's pocket.Father when read the poem  was amazed about the child's talent and arranged a teacher to teach him Malayalam and Sanskrit language deeply.This training helped Thikkurissi a lot and he became  an expert in those languages.He could speak brilliantly well to please the audience.He earned fame as an eloquent speaker and a wonderful writer also.When he was seated in a conversation group he grabbed the attention of the whole group because he was able to mesmerize them with his words.
Due to his love towards drama stage he started working with professional drama troupes from an young age while his younger sister  L.Omana Kunjamma turned out to be the first woman Majistrate and later got   I.A.S. and became district collector.
Sukumaran Nair later formed his own drama troupe and his drama 'Sthree' was well accepted.He implemented dramatic changes also to the drama field.Till that time the dialogues were mostly used in poetry form  and the artists had to sing the versus  and act.So actors with singing talents could only come to the top.Thikkurissi used normal dialogues and  for singing songs playback singers were  utilized.(This method is followed now also)This change was well accepted by other troupes also immediately and he was credited for that.After several years of drama experience he entered film field by producing a film 'Sthree' which was the story of his earlier drama itself.Sukumaran Nair was in the lead role but the film was not a success.Next
year K&K productions made a film 'Jeevitha Nauka'  which was directed by R.Vembu.Thikkurissi was the hero and it was debut film of B.S.Saroja.The film was made in Malayalam and Tamil and dubbed to Telugu and Hindi.It was a  super duper hit during those days.
In 1952 two more films were released.In "Navalokam' Miss Kumari was the heroine and in the other ;Visappinte Vili' he co-starred with Prem Nazir who was also new to Malayalam film industry.In 1953 he wrote story,Screenplay,dialogues,lyrics, for a film 'Sario Thetto' and acted in the main role and directed it.
During that period  it was a record and for that great one man show he was much praised from all corners.
He was accepted as a genius and that respect was given to him by all film workers till his death on March 11, 1997.Thikkurissi directed films Nurse,Poojapushpam,Saraswathi,Chilamboli,Achante Bharya and Urvasi Bharathi.He scripted for films Sree Ayyappan,Muthalali,Aana Valarthiya Vanambadi etc.He wrote lyrics for Sthree,Palunku Pathram,Sariyo Thetto,Deva Sundari,Pooja Pushpam,Urvasi Bharathi and Balloon.
His lyrics were very beautiful like songs" Kar Koonthal kettilenthinu vasanathailam ninte var nettithadathil enthinu sindhoora thilakam, and" Niseedhini Niseedhini neela kadalasil nee kurichoru prema lekhathin aksharamalakal karmashi veenu kanneru veenu manju poyi sakhi manju poy".He was brilliant in writing parodies also.When hearing his lines of film song "Thulli thulli nadakkunna  kalli penne, kakka pulliyulla nin kavilil nulli nokkatte onnu nulli nokkatte" we feel that he should have concentrated  more on lyrics writing also to give us beautiful songs like them.What ever he wrote had a magical touch.In the Malayalam film industry he is respected and remembered as Producer,Director,Actor,Story writer,Script writer,Lyricist Etc.
Thikkurissi gave screen names to so many artists which proved lucky for them.Prem Nazir's real name was Abdul Khader,Bahadoor was Kunjali and so on. Jose Prakash,Kunjan,Prem Nawaz, Kuthiravattom Pappu,Director Priya Darshan etc were re- named by Thikkurissi Sukumaran Nair.He had deep knowledge about many subjects.In his residence at Jawahar Nagar in Thiruvanathapuram he had his own library where so many books were in his possession which he used to read in passion.He was very sad during the last four years of his life due to the untimely death of his youngest daughter 'Kanakasree' (Who was an aspiring poetess) in a road accident.He used to wear saffron colour dress only during those period like a 'Sanyasi'
He got several awards  like
Padma Sree in 1973
Kerala State Best Actor award in 1973
National award for Best supporting actor in 1959
J.C.Daniel Award in 1995
Fellowship of Kerala Sangeetha Nadaka Academy in 1983
Guru Chengannur Award  in 1981
Prem Nazir Award in 1992.
Travancore Devaswom Board award in 1972
Soorya Award in 1994
He was given so many titles such as Abhinaya Samrat,Chalachitra Prathibha,Chalachitra Ratnam,Chalachitra Acharyan,Kala Vibhooshan,Bheeshmacharya,Sarvakala Sarva Bhouman etc.
Some of His Films
Sthree
Jeevitha Nouka
Visappinte Vili
A scene from film 'Sario Thetto'
Navalokam
Sario Thetto
Bhaktha Kuchela
Kumara Sambhavam
Varavelpu
Rosie
Sneha Deepam
Laila Majnu
Swimming Pool
Swamy Ayyappan
Adhyapika
Mallanum Mathevanum
A scene from film 'Harishchandra'
Lal Salam
Aabhijathyam
Mukundetta Sumitra Vilikkunnu
Bharatham
Chitram
Dharma Kshetre Kuru Kshetre
Mallanum Mathevanum
Appooppan
Pooja Pushpam
Nurse
Deva Sundari
Saraswathi 
Urvasi Bharathi
Sree Ayyappan
Aana Valarthiya Vanambadi
Palunku Patram
Muthalali
Achante Bharya
Chilamboli
Kandam Becha Coat
Harichandra
School Master
Nadhi
Vijayasree,Vidhubala,Kaviyoor Ponnamma,Thikkurissi,Madhu

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